The Courthouse


From the description of the courthouse in chapter 16, we know that the columns on the courthouse were all that remained of the original courthouse that had been burned down in 1856. The columns of the courthouse dated back to the pre civil war age when slaves were still around. They attempt to preserve the columns of the old courthouse also symbolize the desire of Maycomb inhabitiants to hold on to the past, even when the past was useless or not needed any more, just as the columns were not needed to hold up the court house. when a trial was in session there were specific places that people had to sit. the whites sat in the lower section while the blacks at upper balcony area.
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Town Square

The town square includes the Maycomb tribune, the OK cafe, the Drug store, the jail, Tyndall's hardware, Jitney jungle, V.J Elmore's, the bank and the post office. The town square is completely empty on the south side and has giant bushes are on each corner. The court house was in the middle of the square and was surrounded by the other buildings.

"The south side of the square was deserted. Giant monkey-puzzle bushes bristled on each corner, and between them an iron hitching rail glistened under the street lights. A light shone in the county toilet, otherwise that side of the courthouse was dark. A larger square of stores surrounded the courthouse square; dim lights burned from deep within them.

"We went by Mrs. Dubose's house, standing empty and shuttered, her camellias grown up in weeds and johnson grass. There were eight more houses to the post office corner.

Jem peered in the bank door to make sure. He turned the knob. The door was locked. "Let's go up the street. Maybe he's visitin' Mr. Underwood."
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Maycomb county Jail

The jail is small with a few cellars and is run by the sheriff Heck Tate. Tom Robinson was staying there before the trial and when the group of rioters came to his cell. The jail is also described as dark and drafty with no lights


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Maycomb Tribune


Mr. Underwood not only ran The Maycomb Tribune office, he lived in it. That is, above it. He covered the courthouse and jailhouse news simply by looking out his upstairs window. The office building was on the northwest corner of the square, and to reach it we had to pass the jail.

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The Setting of To Kill a Mockingbird

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Maycomb, Alabama
The novel “To Kill a Mockingbird” by Harper Lee, is set in 1933 during the Great Depression era, when many poor people did not have a job. The book mostly takes place in a fictional town called Maycomb, Alabama based on the author’s hometown, Monroeville, Alabama. The town is located in the South, and the narrator describes it as quiet and somewhat dull.
“Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town when I first knew it” (5).
“In rainy weather the streets turned to red slop; grass grew on sidewalks, the courthouse sagged in the square” (5).
“Maycomb, some twenty miles east of Finch’s Landing” (4).
“There was no hurry, for there was nowhere to go, nothing to buy and no money to buy it with, nothing to see outside the boundaries of Maycomb County”(5).
“But it was a time of vague optimism for some of the people: Maycomb County had recently been told that it had nothing to fear but fear itself”(6).

Finch’s Landing
Finch’s Landing is the original homestead of Simon Finch, who was the very first Finch to live in Maycomb and he is also Atticus’ early ancestor. The men in the Finch family were responsible to remain at the land and continue to make their livingfrom cotton. However, Atticus and his brother, Jack Finch had left the land for a better education and a brighter career. The only family to remain at Finch’s Landing are Atticus’ sister, Aunt Alexandra, and her family.
“Finch’s Landing consisted of three hundred and sixty-six steps down a high bluff and ending in a jetty. Farther down stream, beyond the bluff, were traces of an old cotton landing” (79).
“At the end of the road was a two-storied white house with porches circling it upstairs and downstairs” (80).
“There were six bedrooms upstairs, four for the eight female children, one for Welcome Finch, the sole son, and one for visiting relatives” (80).
“There was a kitchen separate from the rest of the house, tacked onto it by a wooden catwalk” (80).
“In the back yard was a rusty bell on the pole, used to summon field hands or as a distress signal; a window’s walk was on the roof, but no windows walked there - from it” (80).

The Radley Place
The Radley Place is located three doors to the south from Atticus house and jutted by the sharp curve. The Radley Place was significantly different than the rest of other houses in Maycomb. This spooky and mysterious house always fascinated the children, especially Jem, Scout and Dill.
“Walking South, one face porch, the side walk turned and ran beside the lot” (8).
“The house was low, was once white with a deep front porch and green shutters, but had long ago darkened to the color of the slate- gray yard around it” (8).
“The Maycomb school grounds adjoined the back of the Radley lot; from the Radley from the chicken yard tall pecan trees shook their fruit into the school yard” (9).
“The shutters and doors of the Radley house closed on Sunday. The Radley house had no screen door” (9).
“The fence enclosed a large garden and a narrow wooden outhouse” (52).
“The back of the Radley house was less inviting than the front: a ramshackle porch ran the width of the house; there were two doors and two dark windows between the doors”(52).
“An old Franklin stove sat in a corner of the porch; above it a hat- rack mirror caught the moon and shone eerily ”(52).
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The Knothole tree
The tree located on the edge of Boo Radley’s house, where Scout and Jem found five of their gifts.
“Two live oaks stood at the edge of Radley lot; their roots reached out into the side-road and made it bumpy. Something about one of the trees attracted my attention. Some tinfoil was sticking in a knot-hole just above my eye level, winking at me in the afternoon sun” (33).

Atticus’ office
“Atticus’ office in the courthouse contained little more than a hat rack, a spittoon, a checkerboard and an unsullied Code of Alabama” (4).

Mrs. Dubose’s house
“Mrs. Henry Lafayette Dubose’s house two doors to the north Radley place three doors to the south” (6).

Mr. Avery’s house
“Mr. Avery boarded across the street from Mrs. Henry Lafayette Dubose’s house”(50).